Practice

The making of "The Thread of Red", by artist Paola Grossi Gondi, 2015. Photo from the booklet “Filo rosso / The Thread of Red”, edited by Maria Vittoria Marini Clarelli. See BioTechnoPractice and Paola Grossi Gondi's Thread of Red.
The making of “The Thread of Red”, by artist Paola Grossi Gondi, 2015. See BioTechnoPractice and Paola Grossi Gondi’s Thread of Red. Photo from the booklet “Filo rosso / The Thread of Red”, edited by Maria Vittoria Marini Clarelli.

Practice* is the context where understanding takes place, it is the locus where knowledge is created, conveyed, and used. Practice includes Logos*, the scientific understanding or representation of this world. This is a clear step forward with respect to the Bio-Techno-Logos: we vindicate the need to have ‘practical consequences’ and to be ‘committed with the world’ of any theory that deserves this name (rather than being a piece of software, or some beautiful, but unuseable, piece of mathematics).

A renewed philosophy of science recognizes that many constitutive dimensions of the human understanding are simultaneously involved in scientific practice. And conversely that human practice shapes the directions of scientific investigation. This converges with the urgency of new accounts of scientific practice brought about by the Bio-Techno merging.

As Bertolaso et al. (2015) write, science is “an activity performed by people, with all their skills, attitudes and circumstances. Science is not a modular activity, which can be reduced to the powers of observation and logical inference of a single scientist. It rather is an integral personal activity”. Scientific rationality is “a kind of harmony or equilibrium, as the result of the dosage and timing where all contextual circumstances and capabilities are combined”.

Practice* is also the practical life that is lived by patients and doctors, by students and teachers, by families and citizens, by people in different conditions and situations, including poverty and needs of any kind, by humanity in its environment and with other forms of life. Practice* is the context in which science, Bio and Techno, are called to reach in renewed ways.